Comparing Power BI Dashboards vs Reports

In this article, we will look at the main differences between Power BI Reports and Dashboards.

The article explains how to create Power BI Reports and Dashboards, their unique features, and when to use each of them.

 

What Is Power BI?

Power BI is a business intelligence, data visualisation and analysis tool developed by Microsoft that provides you with rich functionality to analyse your data via different visualisations.

Power BI Reports and Dashboards are two main tools that you can use to plot your data in Power BI.

When you are learning to use Power BI understanding the difference is critical. See this article – What is Power BI? – for more details on Microsoft Power BI.

In this article, we will look at both, compare them and look at when it is better to use a dashboard and when it is better to use a report.

Note: We will be working with the Power BI service since Power BI Desktop does not currently support dashboards.

 

Importing The Dataset

To create reports in Power BI, you will need some data. You can import data from various sources.

For this article, we will be using a CSV file containing information about passengers on the Titanic.

You can download it here.

Next, in your workspace in the Power BI Service, click the “Get Data” link, which exists at the bottom of your sidebar.

 

Importing data into the Power BI workspace

 

Click the Files -> Local Files and upload the CSV file that you just downloaded.

Now in your workspace, you should see a dataset “train” and a dashboard “train,csv”. A default empty dashboard with the same name is also created when you import a dataset.

 

 

Let’s now create a Report using the training dataset.

 

What Is A Power BI Report?

A Power BI report is a visualisation that conveys some information about the underlying data in one or more charts, tables, or other visual.

For instance, a report may contain a Pie chart that displays the distribution of passengers travelling in different classes.

For details of other types of visual that Power BI contains see these articles –  Q&A visual in Power BI, The smart narrative visual, the decomposition tree visual.

 

Creating A Report In Power BI

Creating a Report with Power BI is straightforward.

In your workspace, click the Dataset that you just imported and then click “Create” report as shown below:

 

Creating a report - step 1

 

You will see the reports view as shown below:

 

Setting the parameters of your report in the Reports view

 

Let’s create a Donut Chart that shows the distribution of passenger ids against the class that the passengers travelled in.

To do so, you have to select a Pie chart from the Visualizations pane in your Reports view.

In the “Legend” field, you need to add the “Pclass” column from your dataset, whereas the “Values” field should contain the “PassengerID ” column.

 

Selecting the type of visualisation to use and the exact data from the uploaded dataset

 

Similarly, we will add a clustered column chart displaying the count of passenger IDs by passenger Sex.

 

Adding A clustered chart to our Power BI Report

 

In your reports view, you should now see the following two charts:

 

The simple report that has been created with a bar chart and a donut chart

 

Features Unique To Power BI Reports

In this section, we will look at the features that are unique to Power BI Reports.

These features are not available in Power BI Dashboard, which you will see in the next section.

 

Interactivity

If you click on part of a visualisation in your report, Power BI will automatically highlight this subset of the data on all your charts.

 

Highlighting a subset of the data in a Power BI report

 

On the other hand, the corresponding report is opened if you click on a visualisation (or tile) in Power BI Dashboard.

As you have seen, you can go to a report directly from a dashboard, but the opposite is not possible.

 

Viewing underlying data

You can see the underlying data used to plot a chart in reports view by clicking the “Show as a table” option that appears when you click on three dots “” at the top right or bottom right corner of your chart.

 

Accessing the 'Show as a table' function in a report

 

The table of the underlying data from our report.

 

The feature to view the underlying dataset tables is not available in a dashboard.

 

Slicers

Power BI contains a slicer tool that you can use to filter your visualisations in the Reports view. You just need to add a value to your slicer tool.

In our example below, we have added “Pclass” as the value for the slicer.

 

Adding a slicer to our report

 

You will see a slicer appear on your dashboard. You can drag the slicer around to filter records.

 

The updated report showing a slicer

 

A slicer is not available in the Power BI dashboard.

 

Paginated reports

A Power BI Report can have multiple pages.

You can add a new page in a report by clicking the plus (+) symbol at the bottom of the Report view. You can also rename a page by double-clicking the page name.

 

Adding a second page to a Power Bi report

 

We will rename our Page 1 as “Class and Sex Info”.

Next, we will add two more pages.

The second page is named “Embark Town Info” and contains a Pie Chart, as shown below.

 

The second page of the report containing a pie chart

 

And the third page is named “Survived”, which contains a Table that shows average ages and fares paid by the passengers who survived and those who did not survive.

 

A table of data.

 

Save your report as “Titanic Report”. You will see the three pages in your report as shown below:

 

The three pages of our Power BI report showing in the Reports area

 

The ability to add multiple pages is not available in the Power BI Dashboard.

 

Shareable on the web

Though both Power BI and Reports contain share options, only Power BI Reports can be published to the Web.

 

 

What Is A Dashboard In Power BI?

A Power BI Dashboard can be used to display the most important elements from your various reports generated via different data sources or sets.

A dashboard is a visual element that displays a summary of multiple reports. With dashboards, you can select one or more pages from multiple reports that you want to show in a single place.

Pre-Power BI businesses often created Excel dashboards. These were difficult to create and maintain, especially when they were interactive dashboards and didn’t contain the self service BI and predictive analytics capabilities that the Power BI app does.

 

Creating A Power BI Dashboard

To create a Power BI Dashboard, open any chart in your report and click on the pin symbol at the corner of your chart.

 

Clicking the pin symbol to create a dashboard in Power BI.

 

A dialogue box like the one below will appear, where you pin your visualisation to an existing dashboard or create a new dashboard.

We will create a new dashboard called “Titanic Data Info”.

 

Setting the parameters of a new dashboard

 

Now, if you open your workspace, you will see the new dashboard name.

Clicking the dashboard name will open the dashboard, where you can see the visual that you used to create the dashboard.

 

Accessing a dashboard by clicking on it in the My workspace section.

 

Features Unique To Power BI Dashboards

Let’s discuss some features that are intrinsic to Power BI dashboards.

 

Display data from multiple reports

As discussed earlier, a dashboard can contain visuals from multiple pages within one or multiple reports.

If you pin the visuals from the “Embark Town Info” and “Survived Info” pages of the “Titanic Report” report, your dashboard will look like this.

 

A Power BI dashboard displaying data from two different reports.

 

To demonstrate that a dashboard can display visuals from different reports, create a new report called “Survived Treemap” and add a Treemap chart to it.

Your workspace should now look like this:

 

Creating a simple treemap report

 

If you pin the chart from the Survived Treemap report to your “Titanic Data Info” dashboard, it will now look like this:

 

Adding the treemap report to the dashboard

 

You can see that the visuals are arranged symmetrically by default by the dashboard. You can select, drag and change the positions of your charts (also called “dashboard tiles”) on your dashboard.

 

Clicking a chart opens the corresponding report

If you click a chart in the dashboard, the corresponding page in the report will open where you can make changes to your chart. The reverse is not possible.

 

The lineage view

You can also see a hierarchy that shows relationships between data sets, reports generated using the data sets, and corresponding dashboards using the lineage view in your dashboard.

 

Accessing the lineage view for data in a dashboard

 

In the output, you can see the “Titanic Data Info” dashboard charts from two reports: “Titanic Report” and “Survived Treemap”.

Both the reports contain charts generated using data from a single dataset: the “train” data set.

 

The lineage view of data showing in the Power BI dashboard created.

 

Insights view for non-premium accounts

For Reports, the “Get Insights” option is only available with Power BI premium.

In a dashboard, you can view a chart’s insights WITHOUT a Premium account.

 

Accessing the Insights view for Power BI Premium users

 

Chart insights will appear on the right-hand side of your dashboard.

 

The charts insights view of our dashboard

 

See this article on Power BI licencing for more details on the differences between the various Power BI licences.

 

Featured dashboard

You can also set a dashboard as your featured dashboard.

When you do this, that dashboard will always appear at the top of the list of your dashboards when you log in to your Power BI workspace.

Here is how you can set a featured dashboard.

 

Setting a featured dashboard in a Power BI workspace

 

Automated alerts

For some charts, you can create alerts with your Power BI dashboard.

For instance, with the “Cards” chart, you can set a maximum threshold value. When that threshold is reached, Power BI will automatically generate a report.

Here is how you can create alerts in your Power BI dashboard.

 

Setting up a Power BI alert in a dashboard.

 

When To Use A Power BI Report & When To Use A Dashboard

Power BI Reports and dashboards are commonly used to display different types of visuals. Though both the tools display charts, the two tools are designed for different scenarios.

 

When to use a Power BI report

You should use a Power BI Report when:

    • You need to separate your visualisations logically.
    • You want to slice and dice the data in your visualisations
    • You want to interact with and filter information on your visualisations
    • You want to view the underlying data used to generate your visualisations
    • You are not able to access Power BI service

 

When to use a Power BI dashboard

You should use a Power BI Dashboard when:

    • You want to have a high-level overview of key performance indicators (KPIs)
    • You wish to summarise visualisations from multiple reports or data sets
    • You want to display visualisations on a single page
    • You want to show related insights for your visualisations
    • Want to add alerts to your visualisations

 

Final Thoughts

As with all tools, you need to make sure that you use them for the right job.

In this article, we have compared dashboards vs reports in Power BI and tried to show when it is best to use each.

To summarise, if you want to perform detailed data analysis, the Power BI Report is the right tool to use.

On the other hand, if you want to give a high-level view of your data and present your audience (of other Power BI users) with a summary of your analysis, a Power BI dashboard is the right way to go.

 

Other Helpful Power BI Articles

A Guide To the Power BI Map Visual

Creating A Word Cloud In Power BI

Creating a Power BI Bullet Chart

How To Create A Scatter Chart In Power BI